The island of the Aegean Sea with its natural beauty and “grey treasure”
There are so many islands and islets in Greece that it’s hard to know them all. And the truth is that the Aegean Archipelago is dotted with unknown treasures and special secrets. There are islands, apart from those known to all of us, with few or no inhabitants, special natural beauty, unique beaches and special landscapes. There are some with unique features you may have never heard of. Like, for example, the island of pumice stone, called Gyali (Glass).
It is an island, only six miles from Turkey, between Kos and Nisyros. It belongs to the Dodecanese and is a really special place, unknown to most. Its shape is characteristic which looks like the number eight if seen from above. It is a small island that has a rich history. An ancient cemetery has been found there, the remains of a settlement of the Final Neolithic Period (4000 BC) and two crucibles with copper melting slags dating back to 6000 BC which prove the early use of metallurgy.
The inhabitants of the island are few. Just about 20 people. But there are many more people coming to work on the island. The visiting workers, of course, go there for the unknown, to many, open mines of the island that make pumice and perlite!
The mines are also the ones that make the landscape of Gyali unique: The beautiful forests with the arbutus and pine trees interchange with the open mines and this is one reason why the island has been declared as a landscape of Natural Beauty. They call it an island of pumice stone and not unfairly since the quantities that exist there cannot be not easily found elsewhere in Greece.
If you now travel to a nearby island and get there by boat, you will have a unique experience. Swimming there is a really fantastic experience, while excursion boats also make day trips to the southwest coast, with the sea caves and inaccessible beaches.
How Gyali island mine works
A private company has been operating the mine, which is owned by the Municipality of Nisyros, since 1952. The mine is open-air and its exploitation is done by the method of the right steps. First, the revealing of the deposits takes place and then the extraction with the help of thrusters.
This is followed by the treatment, consisting of the granulometric gradation of the material in a circuit of static and vibrating sieves. Then a small part is broken with the help of crushers.
External photography source: Dr Petros Tzeferis