Ancient Egina was an affluent state with considerable power and influence over the entire Mediterranean from Neolithic times all the way through the Classical era. While the temple of Aphea is the most popular destination on the island, the ancient ruins to the north of Egina town, at Kolona, are a testament to the long history of the island. The Kolona is the ancient acropolis of Egina city that was situated at the same place as present Egina. The Temple of Aphea was dedicated to the Greek goddess Aphea and is considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Greece. Located approximately 13 km east by road from the main port of Egina, it stands on the top of a hill covered by pine trees, offering excellent views of Egina and the Saronic Gulf. The Temple of Aphea has an unusual plan and it used to have important sculptures, which illustrate the change from the Archaic to Early Classical technique. These sculptures are now housed in Munich’s Sculpture Gallery. There are also a number of fragments exhibited in Egina’s Archaeological Museum, now located on the site of Kolona. The museum has a fine collection of artifacts.